What is parchment?
Parchment is described as a writing and printing material made from specially prepared un-tanned skins of animals—primarily sheep, calves, and goats.
The word parchment evolved from the name of the ancient city of Pergamon, which was a thriving center of parchment production during the Hellenistic times, currently located near the Turkish city of Bergama.
How it is used?
Due to its durability and versatility, parchment has been used as a writing medium for over two millennia. The Declaration of Independence was originally written on parchment. UK Acts of Parliament were printed on parchment up until beginning of 2016. From 15th century onwards, it was used mostly on book bindings and for paintings. Baroque and Jugendstil painters preferred it to achieve natural skin tones.
Today, parchment is used in more contemporary ways such as wall paneling, furniture covering, jewelry and gift items among others.
How it is made?
Parchment is prepared from un-haired and limed skin by drying at ordinary temperatures under tension. Both parchment and leather are made from animal skins, but they differ from each other in the way they are produced and treated. Leather
tanning process involves adding vegetable tannins to the skin to chemically alter its properties, while parchment only goes through physical alterations such as scrapping, oiling, and stretching.